Revelation chapters 4-5 (The Throne Scene)
The One on the throne was (and still is) God
Jasper and sardius stone – righteousness and mercy
Rainbow – brings to mind God’s covenant after the flood (Genesis 9:12-17)
24 elders represent 12 tribes and 12 apostles
“Lightnings, thunderings, and voices” – Jehovah’s omnipotent nature (cf. Exodus 19:16)
Sea represents society
Lion = ferocious strength
Calf (ox) = great endurance under burden
Man = intelligence, reason, and wisdom
Eagle = penetrating vision and swiftly executed judgment
Living creatures similar to seraphim (Isaiah 6:1-3)
Casting crowns shows humility, knowledge that power comes from God
Seals restricted unauthorized people from opening it to reveal its contents
“The Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David” – refers to blessing Jacob gave to Judah (Genesis 49:8-10) and the royal relation to David
The paradox of “the Root of David” – Christ sprang from David, but was the Lord of David (Isaiah 11:1,10; Romans 15:12; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12)
The sacrificial Lamb without blemish (Isaiah 53:7; John 1:29,36; 1 Peter 1:18-21)
Seven horns – symbolize full and complete authority
The harps are symbolic of joy and praise
This does not give us any more authority to use literal instruments in praise than it gives us the authority to use literal incense in prayers!
It is no accident that He is declared worthy to receive seven things, as seven is the symbolic number of completeness
1. What was the covenant God made with man which is represented by the rainbow?
2. What do the twenty-four elders represent?
3. What are the four living creatures, and what do they symbolize?
4. Who was worthy to open the scroll and loose its seals? In what three ways is He depicted?